Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) occurs to some women in the week before they begin menstruating each month and continues until menstruation begins. It may even last one or two days after the period begins. Emotional symptoms include tension, anxiety, irritability, mood swings, and depression. Physical symptoms include weight gain from water retention, backache, sensitivity of breasts, swelling of feet or ankles, acne, headache, and joint or muscle pain. Many women experience some of these symptoms during menstruation, but for women with PMS, the severity of these symptoms is disabling and interferes with their regular lives.
The cause of PMS is unknown and debated, although many people believe hormones to be at the root of the problem. Treatment – such as anti-inflammatories, diuretics, anti-anxiety medication, antidepressants, and medications that fluctuate hormones – tend to deal with different causes and different symptoms. Every woman is unique, and may find success with a different method. However, before beginning one of the aforementioned treatments, some people find that a simple change to a more healthy, well-balanced diet with less sugar, salt, and candy in the week before menstruation can help immensely. Other women find that their symptoms are sufficiently improved after implementing a healthier diet with the addition of the nutrients.
There are also some women who experience symptoms that are even more severe and last for as long as two weeks. These women have pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Sufferers of PMDD should see their healthcare provider.
Supplements to treat premenstrual syndrome
• B-complex vitamins
• Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA)
• Vitamin A and mixed carotenoids
• Vitamin C
• Vitamin E