Diagnosing Type 2 diabetes

Diagnosing Type 2 diabetes is straightforward and consists of tests to check the level of glucose in your blood. Initially, your health professional may use fingerprick blood tests and urine tests, both of which can detect the presence of glucose. However, neither test can diagnose diabetes conclusively because they cannot measure exact amounts of glucose, and you may need one or more further laboratory blood tests. Sometimes one test is enough, but if results are inconclusive (for example, you may have symptoms of diabetes but the test shows a normal blood glucose level, or you may have no symptoms and a blood glucose level that is slightly raised), you need further blood tests. A correct diagnosis ensures that you get the right treatment for your long-term health.

Initial Medical Tests

Urine Test

A sample of your urine is tested using a dipstick that changes color according to the amount of glucose present. The dipstick is then compared to a color chart. The same test will also check for other substances present in your urine.

What the results mean If glucose is detected, or you have symptoms but no glucose, you will be referred for blood tests.

Fingerprick Test

A drop of blood from your finger is placed onto a testing strip. This strip is then inserted in a blood glucose meter to be analyzed.

What the results mean A healthy blood glucose level is in the range of 70 to 99 mg/dl. If your test result is above 100 mg/dl, or if you have symptoms, your health professional will suggest further blood tests.

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