Created in 1873, the Eastern and Australian ‘Mail’ Steamship Company Ltd ended up being the merchandise of a agreement between your federal federal Government of Queensland and four Uk and Australian merchants to carry mails between Singapore, the Dutch East Indies, Queensland and Sydney (later stretching to Hong Kong and Melbourne). In 1880 the mail agreement wasn’t renewed together with initial business had been later finished up. a company that is new created, The Eastern and Australian Steamship Company Ltd, since it had been now called, focused its resources in the Australia to Hong Kong path, fundamentally distributing further eastern to Shanghai and Japan holding people and cargo.
In old age, E&A encountered tough competition from Asia Navigation business and Japan’s Nippon Yusen Kaisha, culminating into the takeover of E&A by Lord Inchcape in 1918. Each acquired a quarter share with the Inchcape-owned Australasian United Steam Navigation Company retaining the balance despite Lord Inchcape’s position as P&O Chairman, and the publication of E&A’s details in some P&O handbooks, E&A continued to exist as an independent entity until 1946 when P&O and its subsidiaries British India Steam Navigation Company and Union Steam Ship Company of New Zealand. This arrangement proceeded for the next two decades until 1966 whenever P&O acquired E&A outright.
First manned by Uk and later on by Australian and Chinese crews, E&A ships played a prominent part in the growth regarding the Australian vendor aquatic. Through the inter-war years australian and eastern proceeded to use between Australia additionally the china, even though delivery roads had been slightly changed. Vessels now sailed from Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane and Townsville to Rabaul, Manila, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Yokohama. Because of the start of the Great Depression within the 1930s, the fleet had shrunk to just three passenger/cargo liners, the ex-BI Tanda while the ex-P&O Nellore and Nankin. E&A were able to survive in to the 2nd World War, when its fleet was switched to work between Australia and Asia underneath the guidance regarding the BI business. Nevertheless, Nankin had been captured because of japan in May 1942 as well as in and July of 1944 Nellore and Tanda, its only other ships, were both lost to enemy action june.
The P&O Years
E&A would not be completely functional once more until following the reorganisation of shareholdings stated earlier. In-may 1946 the cargo liners kingdom Joy and Empire Dynasty had been purchased through the Ministry of Transport in Britain and renamed Nellore and Eastern respectively as well as in January 1947 Nankin (ex-Mount Holyoke Victory) had been added. The fleet ended up being thereafter maintained because of the transfer of ships off their P&O Group organizations, apart from Arafura that has been designed for E&A in 1954. Passenger/cargo services had been revived in 1965 by Aramac, formerly brand New Zealand Shipping Company’s Remuera (originally Cunard’s Parthia) and replaced in 1969 by P&O’s Cathay that has been accompanied by her sis Chitral in 1970.
1970 additionally saw the establishment of Australia Japan Container Line, an offshoot of Overseas Containers Limited (for which P&O ended up being a partner) and also to which E&A’s cargo delivery passions had been transmitted along with those of Asia Navigation business. E&A’s staying cargo liners were discarded, and Cathay and Chitral had been offered in 1975.
The E&A records had been deposited on permanent loan by P&O to your nationwide Maritime Museum, Greenwich. Articles consist of a duplicate associated with the 1873 mail agreement using the federal federal Government of Queensland, the memorandum and Articles of Association regarding the company that is third1894) and account publications official website, 1894 to 1898 and 1937 right through to 1963. Yearly returns occur for the years 1920 to 1969, monetary is the reason many years 1953 to 1963, and there’s a run of mins of board conferences from 1916 to 1969. Tonnage data between 1948 and 1969 comes with the agreement and hull specifications for Arafura, 1952 to 1953.
The collection also incorporates very early documents of Australia Japan Container Line, including Board papers 1968-1970, forward preparing and costing files 1966-1970, and files on relations along with other businesses of this exact same duration. For a complete a number of the product held during the Museum, it is strongly recommended you consult the NMM catalogue directly.